Oral care for infants
Dental health check-ups for children should start as early as 6-8 months of age. At this time the first deciduous teeth appear in the mouth, and an early visit can help guide supervised development of the jaws and dentition. These factors are vital contributors to proportionate facial growth including developing permanent teeth.
Between 6-11 months of age - Oral hygiene should consist of wiping the teeth with wet cloth twice daily. Bottle feeding should be avoided just before going to sleep.
Between 12- 24 months of age – It marks the advent of enamel formation of permanent tooth buds. Intervention of early signs of decay, often noticed in milk- teeth, during this time, is encouraged to help avoid transfer of infection in the mouth. Healthy uninterrupted permanent tooth development can be facilitated by reinforcing sound nutrition. Five major food groups constitute a well balanced diet:-
- Cereals / grains
- Milk, dairy products
- Beans, meat, egg
By the age of three - All milk-teeth are expected to have erupted at this age. It is advisable for the child to now learn brushing twice daily. Amount of fluoride supplement requirement should be professionally assessed and appropriately administered. Tooth brush replacement should be done once the bristles fray (approximately every one-two months)